There is an alarming number of people suffering from Crohn’s disease or an (IBD) inflammatory bowel disorder according to Crohn’s & Colitis Canada. It affects the body by causing inflammation in the digestive tract. This leads to severe diarrhoea, weight loss, abdominal pain and severe fatigue. As of August 2017 according to centres for disease control and prevention about three million adults in the USA suffer from severe IBD . Scientists believe that cannabis can be used to treat Crohn’s.
There has been a lot of speculation regarding the use of cannabis as a medicine and it has by far been overshadowed by its social/recreational prowess. But with laws being passed that will eventually legalise it, it’s now started to gain recognition.
Although the route cause of Crohn’s is widely debated it is greatly accepted to be caused by an abnormal response to the immune system.
Researchers posted a study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. The report illustrates the effect cannabis has on patients suffering Crohn’s Disease.
The study included 21 patients 13 men 12 women the average age of the patients was 40 and had al tried treatment with anti tumour agents, steroidal applications and immunodulators. None of these treatments were successful for any of the group, researchers split them into two separate groups. They began a 10 week study which included 8 weeks of treatment and 2 weeks follow up. One group was given rolled up cannabis containing 115mg of thc and they were instructed to smoke it twice a day. The placebo group were given the same instructions but their cannabis contained no thc. The results of the study are astonishing. In the thc group 5 of 11 saw complete remission and 10 of the 11 in the thc group saw their Crohn’s Disease Activity Index drop from 200 to 100. Each patient from the thc group reported better sleep and an increased appetite .
The human system creates cannabinoids to regulate health and it is found that Crohn’s sufferers have low levels of endocannabinoids, using cannabis seems to provide cannabinoids which help reduce inflammation that triggers symptoms of Crohn’s disease. The study may be small but the results are very interesting and warrants further investigation.